Wikwemikong Permaculture Food Security

Wikwemikong Permaculture Food Security

Posted on October 13, 2020 by Logan

Called Wikwemikong Food Security division, and they were interested in permaculture food forests so sent them the following email:

There are a number of resources available on the coming global famine [1][2][3][4] (see references at bottom). While in Canada our climate will be Okay, most of the southern USA will turn to desert [5] as you may have noticed from the fires [6]. Unless they start growing cacti and other desert trees for food, they’ll come knocking for our food, and they are well armed.. Notably some of the worst famines of the 20th century was when government exported all local food, as during the Holodomor Famine[7] and Great Chinese Famine[8], many millions died. Though current climate change predictions say billions will be “displaced” [9]. Currently millions are dying of starvation every year[10]. Current industrial agriculture methods are unsustainable due to soil erosion [11][12] and fertilizer run off [13][14].

Anyways there is hope as we know from Anishnaabe Seven Fire prophecies [15] which describes a choice between a path of ecological destruction and ecological co-operatiion, and “Mass Dreams of The Future” which sumarized research done by Dr. Chet Snow and Dr. Helen Wombach in 1980’s who future progressed over 2,500 people to the periods 2100-2500. Finding results consistent with current climate projections, though the estimated population of Earth at 2100CE was under a billion [16]. They found several groups who were alive during that time, including spiritual people that live in food forests (new age sylvan), and “rustic” people that live like Mennonites[17]. There is also the “high tech urban” and space faring people, though they generally had low quality of life, and low life expectancy. The new age sylvan had the longest life expectancy (99 years), and the highest subjective ratings of life satisfaction.

There is currently a New Age Sylvan movement in Russia based on the teachings of an indigenous Siberian lady known as Anastasia of the Ringing Cedars, a remnant of the pre-Christian pagan/vedic peoples. Their basic plan is establishing villages where each person has a hectare of land which they make into an edible food forest with a living fence. They successfully lobbied the Russian government to create the Russian Homesteading Act (2016)[18] over 80,000 people have already received their free hectare[19].

To help Wikwemikong transition to the new age sylvan timeline with abundance of food, leisure and time for social and spiritual pursuits where people live in co-operaton with the Earth can take a similar approach of offering each Wikwemikong band member a hectare of land for homesteading where they can grow a food forest which can meet the food security needs for 7+ generations. Though you may choose to do it in a different way, the hectare method per person is simply a method that has been shown to work, since people can take better care of plants when it is within a short walking distance (a hectare is 100m by 100m, so if a home in centre then each plant can be reached within 50-60m walk).
Half a hectare would suffice to yield a cord of wood, and a quarter hectare with average yield can provide enough to feed 1 75kg person, but considering that many trees are alternate bearing (bears lots of fruit every other year), it is good to make sure at least have a whole half hectare for the food bearing trees and plants.

Archeological excavations indicate that in great lakes area people would congregate in groups of 50-60 for the winter. So it may be possible for a 50-60 hectare area to be managed by a group of 50-60 people who live at its center. This number of people is also consistent with modern sociological research which found optimal group cohesion for humans is in the range of 50-60 people, which would be a land area 774m by 774m, so centrally located community dweller would be able to reach each plant within less than half a kilometer. which is still considered walking distance. This would be a compromise allowing for greater division of labour while still staying connected enough with the earth to maintain the eco-system.

While there are several soil types in the Wikwemikong area[20] the primary type is Farmington soil which is a foot of well drained loam over calcerous limestone. The Hardiness zones is 5 [21]. And annual precipitation between 800-910mm [22].

I have full list of plants below, but a summary is that best for main calorie source is hazelnuts (siberian, american or beaked) and in some places Pecans, Best for protein is siberian pea shrub. Best carbs is black hawthorn, juniper, cornelian cherry, autumn olive (oleaster) and silverberry. Autumn olive and silver berry are also the only nitrogen fixing plants on the list.

In terms of lumber/firewood trees best are Norway Maple, White Ash, Mountain Ash and Scot’s Pine. Of them only Norway Maple grows the fastest, the maple and ash’s can be coppiced.

Attached is full list of plants based based on your land for zone 4 (northern part) and 5 (southern part) from a software I made that harvests from a pfaf.org database.

That’s just the plants of course, there is also the matter of rebalancing the eco-system with animals. For example little brown bats are the main consumers of mosquitoes, but have experienced 96% population decline and are now endangered, so it’s important to make both summer roosting sites and winter hibernaculas for them. Similarly important to have snake hibernacula, and make sure the community ponds are stocked with crayfish, which are good for B12, EPA and DHA essential nutrients.

I’m available for more info and willing to help in whatever way I can from here in Owen Sound.

Thanks,
Andrii (Logan) Zvorygin

References:
1. “Climate models suggest global food system crisis at hand; dust bowl scenarios now locked in.” https://www.dailykos.com/stories/2020/1/13/1909613/-Climate-models-suggest-global-food-system-crisis-at-hand-dust-bowl-scenarios-now-locked-in
2. “U.N. Report Warns Global Food Crisis Could be Triggered by Climate Change” https://www.iheart.com/content/2019-08-08-un-report-warns-global-food-crisis-could-be-triggered-by-climate-change/
3. Cribb, Julian. The coming famine : the global food crisis and what we can do to avoid it. Berkeley, Calif: University of California Press, 2010. Print.
4. “The Global Food Crisis Is Here” https://foreignpolicy.com/2019/08/21/the-global-food-crisis-is-here/
5. “Predicted shift of diversity of tree species in North America due to climate change” https://mapsontheweb.zoom-maps.com/post/153439554810/predicted-shift-of-diversity-of-tree-species-in
6. “California exceeds 4 million acres burned by wildfires in 2020” https://www.nbcnews.com/news/us-news/california-exceeds-4-million-acres-burned-wildfires-2020-n1242078
7. “Holodomor” https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Holodomor
8. “Great Chinese Famine” https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_Chinese_Famine
9. “Climate crisis could displace 1.2 billion people by 2050, report warns ” https://www.msn.com/en-us/news/world/climate-crisis-could-displace-12-billion-people-by-2050-report-warns/ar-BB18Tnms
10. “Around 9 million people die every year of hunger and hunger-related diseases. This is more than from AIDS, malaria and tuberculosis combined.” https://www.theworldcounts.com/challenges/people-and-poverty/hunger-and-obesity/how-many-people-die-from-hunger-each-year/story
11. “UK is 30-40 years away from ‘eradication of soil fertility’” https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2017/oct/24/uk-30-40-years-away-eradication-soil-fertility-warns-michael-gove
12. “It is estimated that erosion of agricultural soils in the United States is responsible for loss of an average of 30 tons per hectare per year, about eight times greater than the rate of soil formation in the human lifetime.” https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/agricultural-and-biological-sciences/soil-erosion
13. “Fertilizer Runoff Overwhelms Streams and Rivers–Creating Vast “Dead Zones”” https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/fertilizer-runoff-overwhelms-streams/
14. “Obvious but overlooked: soil erosion neglect in the global phosphorus cycle” https://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2020EGUGA..22.9980A/abstract
[15] “Seven Fires Prophecy of the Anishinabe” https://native-americans.com/seven-fires-prophecy-of-the-anishinabe-ojibwa-ojibwe/
[16] THE INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF REGRESSION THERAPY review of “Mass Dreams of the Future by Dr. Chet B. Snow” https://regressionjournal.org/book_review/mass-dreams-future-dr-chet-b-snow/
[17] “Mass Dream of the Future” review by venerable opus http://www.venerabilisopus.org/en/writings/pdf/0/21_mass-dreams-of-the-future.pdf
[18] “Russian Homestead Act” https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Russian_Homestead_Act
[19] “On Russia’s Far Eastern Frontier, Vast Stretches Of Free Land” https://www.rferl.org/a/on-russia-s-far-eastern-frontier-acres-of-free-land-but-little-interest/30848156.html
[20] “Soil Survey of Manitoulin Island” http://sis.agr.gc.ca/cansis/publications/surveys/on/on26/index.html
[21] “Plant Hardiness Canada” http://www.planthardiness.gc.ca/?lang=en&m=24&s=p&speciesid=1000000&phz=phz1981-2010&bc=1
[22] “Average Annual Precipitation for Ontario”
https://www.currentresults.com/Weather/Canada/Ontario/precipitation-annual-average.php

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